Calvin borrows the idea of a just war from Augustine. Everything is to be tried in order to preserve the peace before war is declared, though waging war obviously means that reparations must be made, if necessary. A consideration of such reparations naturally leads Calvin to the question of taxation. Rulers are not to be extravagant. The people have not to be tax dodgers. Nothing much has changed, has it?
Calvin here shows two things - his concern about the dangers of tyrannical government, and also his apparently relaxed attitude regarding forms of political government. You may say that he derives the possible forms from the ancient world, but in fact as a matter of logic there are only thee - rule by a king, by a few, or by all. Calvin rules out rule by everyone.
Robert Barnes – Early English Reformer
Ebenezer Erskine – Preaching God’s Grace in Tumultuous Times
Guns in Church
Chance of being wounded by a bullet, in a church: 1 in 100 million
Any church that includes questions to ministers-elect in their ordination or installation to service will, in some shape or form, ask a question about the candidate’s commitment to the pastoral care of his people. This is very much in keeping with the practice of caring for the needs of God’s people as described in the Bible. But it also reflects the pastoral care exercised by Christ himself as ‘the great Shepherd of the sheep’ (He 13.20). Strangely, however, this component of ministerial responsibility often seems to disappear in the way ministers fulfill their duties.
It is tempting to think theology is about articulating Bible truths accurately. But, while this is very much at the heart of the theologian’s task, it cannot be divorced from the attitude with which God’s truth is presented.
There is, I believe, good reason for raising this detail – especially in relation to those who claim to be Reformed in their theology. Because there are some who profess their Reformed credentials most loudly, who do most arrogantly and, at times, in a way that is little short of obnoxious.
The sixth commandment is “You shall not murder.” (Exo 20:13), or, in the memorable KJV, “Thou shalt not kill.” The later vividly captures the word picture of the original, meaning, “to slay, or strike down”. The former is, however, more precise given occasions when taking life is authorized.
I’m not a morning person: I struggle to sit up, let alone stand up—and to think, let alone thank. My wife is similar. She jokes that she was known in college (due to long days and nights studying) to grumble back at “Good morning!” with, “Good morning for you, not for me!”
Brace yourself. I’m about to make quite a claim. Are you ready? What would you say if I told you that the doctrine of immutability, which Francis Turretin says is a proof for the doctrine of simplicity, helps us to understand the nature of God, which it most certainly does, but at least one New Testament writer employs it to demonstrate the stability and integrity of the Gospel itself? Grab your Bible, open it to Hebrews 13, and read it. I’ll wait.
On this episode of Theology on the Go, Jonathan Master is joined by his colleague at Cairn University, Dr. James Dolezal, professor of church history, trinitarian theology, and philosophy. James is the author of God without Parts: Divine Simplicity and the Metaphysics of God’s Absoluteness, and he and Jonathan discuss the important theological topic of divine simplicity. Listen to their conversation to learn more about this doctrine!