Calvin's sensitivity to the different circumstances in which people live lead him to flip-flop, or at least to be somewhat ambivalent in his attitude to the magistrate. Citing the case of Nebuchadnezzar (Jer. 27), Scripture requires obedience to bad kings, and even to pray for the well being of the country of exile (Jer.29). No doubt Calvin has his own city of exile, Geneva, in mind. But should not rulers, who also have responsibilities, be kept on track? Yes, but not by ourselves, but by Almighty God. This leads to discussion of the vexed question of civil disobedience.
No doubt having the Anabaptists in mind, and having already defended the right to litigate, Calvin proceeds to defend the entire judicial process. He discourages using the law for the taking of revenge, but upholds the use of due process, 'through which God may work for our good'. (It is interesting that in his teaching Calvin primarily seems to have mind not Geneva, which by this time in his career he believed was governed along right lines, but countries where the law may remain hostile to evangelical Christianity).
Learning to Love the Communion of the Saints
Right before God made the first human beings, he declared why he was making them:
if our agenda goes unchecked.
Funny, just this once, you’re correct.”
The song continues,
“We’ll convert your children.
Happens bit by bit.
Quietly and subtly.
And you will barely notice it…
We’ll convert your children.
We’ll make them tolerant and fair…
Gi Pung Yi – First Korean Martyr
A Paul-like Conversion
Catherine Willoughby – An Outspoken Reformer
This blog is adapted from Dan Doriani’s book, published in July, Work That Makes Difference.