Results tagged “Athens” from Reformation21 Blog

Living in Athens


A couple of times a month, as God enables us, the church which I serve attempts to proclaim the gospel in the centre of our town, preaching in the open air, handing out tract-invitations, and engaging in conversation with those who have a few moments to spare. Today was one of those occasions, and it gave a fairly representative glimpse into the spiritual battleground on which we are fighting.

On our arrival, we found the Jehovah's Witnesses established just along from our usual patch. They have been unusually active in our area recently, and have begun to employ some new techniques and hardware - well-designed portable leaflet stands which are put up in prominent or busy places (just outside bus, train and tube stations seem to be favourites, though obviously not limited to them) with a couple of well-spoken Witnesses manning their stations.

As we began to set up and hand out our invitations some distance away, a passing gentleman pointed out to me that we had a little competition. Trying to seize the opportunity, I plunged into what became a conversation with a French philosopher of sorts (literally French, philosophical by inclination), a thoroughgoing humanist for whom all was relative and death alone was absolute. We ranged hither and yon, with the usual shoal of red herrings as I tried to address his objections and bring him back always to the scriptural realities of sin and salvation. He parted with my contact details, and expressed a willingness to consider getting in touch so that I could speak with him further. I hope, too, that he will accept the invitation to come to our church services and to see what kind of people are true Christians, and so learn the character of the God we serve.

His claim that we had competition (to which I will return) was further and sadly enhanced by the arrival of another local group, wild-eyed Arminians with a thoroughly worldly programme and a range of heresies to proclaim and a great deal of health and wealth to promise. They saw us, sounded us out, got their gear out about twenty yards away and planted themselves all around us. Their basic approach is to set up something like a street party, invite people to another party, and then try to sweep people further into their clutches on a wave of emotions. There is a lot of Bible speak, but not a great deal of biblical truth. The noise of their contribution bordered on the overwhelming.

Interestingly, they were drowned out by about forty devotees of Hare Krishna who were making their way into and around the centre of the town with drums, bells and cymbals. We heard them coming a way off. Given that our Arminian friends had bordered on the aggressive in their locating of themselves, a troupe of orangey chanters trampling pretty much through and over them might have caused a snigger in less high-minded chaps than ourselves. One quick-witted of our number managed to get in amongst them and hand out a few tracts, but the poor fellow was almost drowned in the tangerine tide.

It did not appear, on the surface of things, to be our most successful endeavour. It certainly underlined to us the nature of the battle. As we prayed, we asked the Lord to save those who are trapped in these godless and heretical environments, and to bring all these systems of error to nothing. As one of our number pointed out, there was something Athenian in the situation: our spirits were provoked as we saw our town given over to idols (Acts 17:16) and so we tried to reason with them, preaching to them Jesus and the resurrection by means of tracts and conversations (less so by open proclamation on this occasion, given the nature of the environment). It is interesting that all the artwork I have found of Paul in Athens gives the impression of a rapt audience seemingly enamoured of a potent speaker who has his hearers in the palm of his hand. I wonder how near or far those images are from the reality? We are not Paul, we know that, but maybe it was not quite as neat and pleasant there as some of our imaginations make out.

So, are we in competition? Are we, as my Gallic interlocutor suggested, just one of a range of equally valid voices all clamouring for attention? As I pointed out to him, we are not.

First of all, we do not compete in terms of method. We are not going to attempt to out-suave, out-dance, out-shout, and out-beat those who come with their empty messages and vain offers. We are not playing that game and we do not need to. Just because the world suggests that we are one among many in the marketplace of ideas does not mean we have to prostitute our message with the same froth and filth as everyone else. We are not competing in terms of our method.

Second, as I made clear, we are not merely offering another alternative to a range of spiritual or intellectual placebos. In that sense, we are not competing in terms of our message. Every other offer he was hearing - indeed, his own notions and his own system in which he so ardently believed - called out to mankind to look to themselves, to work harder, do better and climb higher. Ultimately, and in many cases sooner rather than later, every other one of those systems and claims will crash and burn. Ours is the one distinctive message: a call to look out and up, to look to Christ who has accomplished all, finished the work, having climbed down to save his wretched and rebellious creatures by suffering and dying in their place, exhausting God's curse against sin and providing his own righteousness in order that we might stand before him with peace and joy. We call men away from everything else to the one true and living God, and to his Son, who loved us and gave his life for us, and rose from the dead in triumph on our behalf. We see and feel and loathe and mourn the clamour of falsehood and idolatry that swirls around us, but it is not a competition between parallel vanities. It is a battle between the truth of God and the range of damnable errors and heresies and emptinesses that masquerade as hopes for the hopeless and helps for the helpless.

May God grant that within and without the walls of our church buildings, he would give us grace to give earnest, winsome and unflinching testimonies to the truth as it is in Jesus, demonstrating in our lives the truths that we confess with our lips! May God's message and God's method prevail, and may the light overcome the darkness!

Athenian Adventure


About 5 years ago I was blessed to attend the European Leadership Forum (to speak on various things, including Calvin on Union with Christ). Amongst others, I met there some leading Greek evangelicals, Giotis Kantartzis and Argyris Petrou. A year later I was invited to Athens and have just returned from my fourth annual Athenian adventure over the half-term holiday.

The church scene in Greece is of course dominated by the Greek Orthodox Church. The political and economic scene, however, is dominated by a Lutheran (one Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany and favourite hate figure for many at the moment). The Communists caused me a bit of hassle by demonstrating in Syntagma Square. But the country was functioning and active, despite recent difficulties. The weather wasn't too bad either.

There's a great overview of some of the ministry in Athens here. The Greek Evangelical Church is a small Reformed Presbyterian denomination, and along with the Free Evangelical Churches they have been doing great work in outreach, mercy ministries, and training, with the excellent Greek Bible College doing terrific work led by Jeff Baldwin (with the gently formidable Myrto Theocharous teaching Old Testament studies). There's a great history of the embattled evangelical minority in Greece here and I commend them to your prayers.

It was an encouraging time to see my friends in both the missionary community (especially IFES student ministry legends) and the domestic churches, and (I hope) to encourage them in the work. Some had just returned from a pilgrimage to Paris to hear Tim Keller, whose City to City network and ministry is greatly appreciated by the Greek evangelical community. They were still glowing with a Mosaic aura from sitting too near the front.

Greece BCP.jpg

I preached a couple of times on Romans 1:16-17, to celebrate Reformation Day and proclaim the glorious message of justification by faith alone. I also lectured in a couple of places on Thomas Cranmer and his doctrine of the Lord's Supper. I always struggle to re-tell the story of his martyrdom, but just about held it together and stopped myself blubbing like a girl as Cranmer stretched out his hand into the fire. It was good to talk about the things Cranmer said "No" to in his theology of the sacraments (eg Roman superstition, the insufficiency of the atonement, and the unreality of the incarnation), especially considering it was Ohi Day that week (a national holiday commemorating the time when Greece said "Get lost!" to Mussolini).

Naturally, given his 300th birthday this year, I also lectured on the life and ministry of George Whitefield to folks who had come from as far away as Thessalonica to be encouraged and inspired by the great Anglican evangelist. (Buy your copy of his sermons now!). At the Bible College I was shown the Greek version of the Anglican Book of Common Prayer (pictured). You haven't read Cranmer until you've read him in the original Greek.

Like Laban (Genesis 31:30), they want their false gods and idols back. But apart from that underlying resentment (let the reader understand), it was an enlightening and inspiring trip for me, to see brothers and sisters in Christ persevering with the gospel in a fruitful but labour-intensive vineyard.

Paul stood in the Areopagus with the stunning Parthenon of Athena behind him and said "God does not live in temples made by human hands". (Interesting video of a celebrity preacher on the real Mars Hill here.) The First Greek Evangelical Church of Athens where I preached on Sunday morning (Alpha church - because I'm an Alpha male!) is in between Mars Hill and the Temple of Zeus, in the shadow of the Acropolis. Paul would surely have rejoiced to see a church of Jesus Christ established here (and at Second Church down the road, led by Georgios Adam, and in the anarchist heartlands of Exarchia with Tim Achilles Coomar). Please pray for the believers in Athens and Greece, that they would continue to hold out the word of life in that significant and historic place.

As for the Elgin Marbles, Matthew 6:14-15...